Traditional Mid-Autumn Festival is on the 15th of the lunar calendar every year, which is in the middle of autumn, so it is called the Mid-Autumn Festival. In the Chinese lunar calendar, the year is divided into four seasons, each season is divided into three parts: Meng, Zhong and Ji, so the Mid-Autumn Festival is also called Zhongqiu. The moon on August 15th is more round and brighter than the full moons of other months, so it is also named "Moon Festival" and "August Festival". This night, people look up to the moon like jade in the sky, and naturally expect family reunion. The wanderer far away from home, expresses his feelings for his hometown and his loved ones by gazing at the moon. Therefore, the Mid-Autumn Festival is also known as the "Reunion Festival.
In ancient times, Chinese had the custom of worshipping the moon god. In the Zhou Dynasty, this custom was held on every Mid-Autumn Night. On the night, people will set up a big incense case to put on moon cakes, watermelon, apples, red dates, plums, grapes and other sacrifices, of which moon cakes and watermelons are absolutely indispensable.The watermelon is also cut into the shape of lotus.Under the moon, people put the moon god idol in the direction of the moon, lit up the red candle, and then the whole family worship the moon in turn.After that, the housewife will cut the reunion mooncake. The person who cuts the mooncake must count the number of people in the whole family in advance.Whether it is people at home, or family members who work outside, the number must be counted together, and the mooncake must be cut and divided into same sizes.
According to legend, there was an ancient ugly woman,WuYan. When she was a child, she used to worship the moon piously. After growing up, she entered the palace with superior character, but was not favored by the emperor. In a certain year, when people were enjoying the moon on the evening of August 15th, the emperor saw her in the moonlight.He quickly fell in love with this beautiful woman in front of his eyes, and set her as his empress. That is the origin of the custom of worshipping the moon on the Mid-Autumn Festival. People also think that this can bring good luck to themselves.
In the Tang Dynasty, it was popular to enjoy the moon, gift each other and pray for blessings during the Mid-Autumn Festival. In the Northern Song Dynasty，on the 15th night, people from all over the city, regardless of the rich and the poor, must all wear adult clothes, burn incense and say their wishes to the moon, and pray for the blessings from the moon god. In the Southern Song Dynasty, folks gave gifts with moon cakes to take the meaning of reunion. In some places, there are activities such as dancing grass dragons and building pagodas. Since the Ming and Qing Dynasties, the customs of the Mid-Autumn Festival have become more popular. In many places, special customs such as burning incense, pointing tower lights, sky lanterns, moon walking, and dancing dragons have been formed.
The Mid-Autumn Festival has become a major festival of the year, and it has an extremely delicate relationship with the imperial examinations. In our feudal society, it has always been a major matter that the rulers attach great importance to. The three-year-old autumn festival is just scheduled to be held in August. Through the combination of victory and passion, the person who scored the best in the exam is known as the person who wins the blessings of the moon. Every Mid-Autumn Festival, it is necessary to carry out the grand ceremony, and it become an important custom of the people of the whole society. Through the dynasties, the prevalence is prevalent, and the Mid-Autumn Festival has gradually become one of the four major festivals in China (Spring Festival, Qingming, Dragon Boat Festival, Mid-Autumn Festival).
Today, the custom of playing under the moon is far from prevailing. However, the banquets during this festival is still very popular. People gather together under the moon to celebrate a beautiful life, or wish the distant relatives healthy and happy.The Mid-Autumn Festival has many customs and forms, but it is all about people's infinite love for life and yearning for a better life.
Post time: Sep-12-2019